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Dictionaries


Dictionaries, thesauruses and other language resources:
Bilingual and Multilingual Dictionaries
Monolingual Dictionaries
Grammar and Style
Translation Sites


Bilingual and Multilingual Dictionaries


The ARTFL Project
Many public access databases including the Dictionnaires d'autrefois, the Encyclopédie of Diderot and d'Alembert, and the Bibliothèque Bleue de Troyes

BEOLINGUS – Your Online Dictionary
Provided by TU Chemnitz; dictionaries included are German and English, Spanish, Portuguese.

The Free Dictionary by Farlex
Includes dictionaries for more than 10 languages and a powerful English thesaurus.

IATE – Inter-Active Terminology for Europe
In IATE you can find EU-specific terminology and jargon, as well as terms from all sorts of areas, such as law, agriculture, information technology and many others. The dictionary covers all 23 official EU languages.

LEO Dictionary
Comprehensive bilingual dictionaries for German and Chinese, English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish.

Linguee
Provides translation from English to French, German, Portuguese and Spanish by comparison of translated web pages; especially useful for idioms.

One Look Dictionary Search
Meta-dictionary that will search over 900 general and special interest dictionaries.

Oxford Language Dictionaries Online
Dictionaries included are English and French, German, Italian. Additionally, you can find cultural information, sample letters, and helpful grammar and vocabulary information.

Oxford Reference Online: Bilingual Dictionaries
Combined access to bilingual dictionaries; included are English and French, German, Irish (Gaelic), Italian, Latin, Modern Welsh, Spanish.


Monolingual Dictionaries


Britannica Merriam-Webster is a free dictionary of American English with reduced functionality compared to the subscription-based unabridged version.

cannoo.net
German dictionary and grammar.

Deutscher Wortschatz Universität Leipzig
Largest dictionary for the German language.

Dictionnaire Electronique des Synonymes

Le Grand Robert
This French dictionary offers 86,000 articles, 100,000 words, 350,000 meanings, and 410,000 use examples, as well as etymological information, quotations, homonyms, and much more.

openthesaurus.de
German thesaurus.

Oxford Reference Online: English Dictionaries & Thesauri
Offers definitions from various Oxford dictionaries covering US, British, and worldwide English. This resource also includes more than 600,000 thesaurus entries and provides the meaning, history, and pronunciation of words from the English-speaking world.

Oxford Reference Online: English Language Reference
Collection of dictionaries and reference books on usage, grammar, style, linguistics, idioms, and more.

Visual Thesaurus
English thesaurus in the form of an interactive map of word clusters.

Wordnik
Information about English words, including definitions, related words, images and audio presentation.


Grammar and Style


grammis
Grammar information from the Institut für Deutsche Sprache (ids).

Guide to Grammar and Writing
Clearly structured guide to English grammar.

Leitfaden zur deutschen Rechtschreibung [PDF, 844 kb]
Schweizerische Bundeskanzlei

Leitfaden zum geschlechtergerechten Formulieren [PDF, 1368 kb]
Schweizerische Bundeskanzlei

William Strunk, Jr.: The Elements of Style
Classic English reference.


Translation Sites


Google Translate
Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Haitian Creole, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Vietnamese, Welsh, Yiddish.

voila.fr
English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish.

Bing Translator
English, Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish.



 
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